Stem cells are cells that have the capacity to regenerate and replicate itself as well as to differentiate into many other specialised cells and tissues in the body. The role of them is to provide new cells to replace the old, dying and damaged ones every day. When they are diminished in our body then the number of old cells dying each day will exceed the new ones generated. This will manifest clinically as the effects of aging. That is why increase the number of them in the body may potentially be a new method to combat the effects of aging.
Stem cell therapy has proven to be effective for tissue restoration, and integrated care for the incurable and obstinate diseases. These cells, regardless of their source, share two characteristic properties as below:
- They have the capacity for prolonged or unlimited self-renewal under controlled conditions.
- They retain the potential to differentiate into a variety of more specialized cell types.